training, which is a
method to train the brain to self-regulate and change behaviors.
It has been
successfully to treat symptoms associated with Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disoder (ADHD), sleep problems, depression, anxiety,
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and substance abuse.
Neurofeedback is a form of
biofeedback. Both use instruments to provide information about
what is happening in the body, hence the term feedback.
Neurofeedback measures electrical activity in the brain, while
biofeedback measures electrical activity in other parts of the body,
such as the heart and skin.
that the instruments only pick up electrical information, just as an
electrograph machine measures electricity in the heart. These
instruments do not send out any electricity and are therefore
non-invasive, harmless, and painless.
In Neurofeedback, a
small sensor is attached to the scalp and two sensors are attached to the ears
with adhesive, easily removed after the session. With the help
of computer software, clients learn to increase brain waves to
heighten attention, emotional regulation, and alertness and to
decrease brain waves that promote hyperactivity, over-arousal, and
training sessions are usually 30 minutes, twice weekly, and total
about 20 hours. The length of treatment can
vary according to the condition being treated and individual
differences. Results can begin to appear
within the first 4 to 5 training sessions.